The National describes itself as "the newspaper that supports an independent Scotland", and has a masthead depicting a map of Scotland.
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Details of the newspaper were revealed on 21 November after The Guardian obtained a copy of a letter being circulated to retailers by Newsquest announcing its forthcoming publication. Copies would cost 50p, while an online version would also be available via subscription. The paper was launched with an initial print-run of 60,,  and was edited by a skeleton staff during the trial run, with plans to employ more journalists if it became a permanent publication.
The Independent reported that an image of the front page was subsequently shared multiple times among users of social media. Launched as a page newspaper, and printed in tabloid format, The National was first published on Monday 24 November , and according to its editor received an "amazing response" from readers, with its print-run for the following day's edition increased to , On 27 November , Newsquest announced plans for the Friday edition, published the following day, to be expanded to 40 pages to accommodate news coverage of the Smith Commission 's report into increased devolution for Scotland , which was published on 27 November, and due to a large demand for space from advertisers.
However, the launch was not without its problems when three major supermarkets did not stock copies. On launch day, Sainsbury's said that its tills had not been updated in time to enable them to sell the paper, but that it would begin doing so from the following day, while Tesco and Morrisons planned to monitor sales before deciding whether or not to stock it.
Morrisons also said that it did not have the space to sell the newspaper without doing so at the expense of local titles. The first edition of The National carried the headline "Give Scotland the powers to cut child poverty", an article in which charities urged the Smith Commission to devolve welfare powers to the Scottish Parliament.
The status quo is no longer an option and there is an unquenchable desire for greater devolution. Quite simply, the Scottish people want to be more directly and deeply involved in the decisions that affect them and the generations to come. It is with this uppermost in mind that today we launch The National, a daily newspaper that will fly a vibrant flag for independence and the right for Scots to govern themselves.
Despite having details of its launch announced at an SNP political event, the newspaper has stated that it is politically independent of that party. We will be critical where appropriate and complimentary when merited. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Scotland portal Journalism portal. Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 29 March Press Gazette.
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Retrieved 31 July Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 24 November Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 21 June Archived from the original on 28 December The Drum. Retrieved 26 November BBC News.
Archived from the original on 21 November Retrieved 21 November The Guardian. Guardian Media Group.
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Archived from the original on 29 November The decision caused enormous controversy, especially after Macleod used the paper to explain his recent resignation. In an article entitled "The Tory Leadership", ostensibly a review of a new book The Fight for the Tory Leadership by Randolph Churchill , Macleod laid out his version of events in great detail. In disclosing, from the horse's mouth, the mysterious circumstances of Douglas-Home's appointment, the article caused an immediate sensation. Churchill's book was all but obliterated by the review, which said that "four fifths" of it "could have been compiled by anyone with a pair of scissors, a pot of paste and a built-in prejudice against Mr Butler and Sir William Haley ".
The "Tory Leadership" article prompted a furious response from many Spectator readers and caused Macleod, for a time, to be shunned by political colleagues.
He eventually regained his party's favour, however, and rejoined the shadow cabinet in the same year. On his appointment as Shadow Chancellor in , he stepped down as editor on the last day of the year, to be replaced by Nigel Lawson. Sometimes called "The Great Procrastinator" because of his tendency to leave writing leaders until the last minute,  Lawson had been City editor for The Sunday Telegraph and Alec Douglas-Home's personal assistant during the general election. Largely thanks to Lawson, in The Spectator opposed America's increasing military commitment in Vietnam. In a signed article he estimated "the risks involved in an American withdrawal from Vietnam are less than the risks in escalating a bloody and brutal war".
Gale shared Creighton's political outlook,  in particular his strong opposition to the Common Market, and much of the next five years was spent attacking the pro- EEC prime minister Edward Heath , treating his eventual defeat by Margaret Thatcher with undisguised delight. Gale's almost obsessive opposition to the EEC and antagonistic attitude towards Heath began to lose the magazine readers. In Creighton took over the editorship himself, but was, if possible, even less successful in stemming the losses. Circulation fell from 36, in to below 17, As one journalist who joined The Spectator at that time said: "It gave the impression, an entirely accurate one, of a publication surviving on a shoestring".
He was drawn to the paper partly because he harboured political aspirations the paper's perk as a useful stepping stone to Westminster was, by now, well established , but also because his father had been a friend of Peter Fleming , its well-known columnist. Keswick gave the job of editor to "the only journalist he knew",  Alexander Chancellor , an old family friend and his mother's godson, with whom he had been at Eton and Cambridge.
Before then, Chancellor had worked at Reuters news agency and had been a scriptwriter and reporter for ITN. In spite of his relative inexperience, he was to become known as "one of the best editors in the history of The Spectator ". Chancellor's editorship of the paper relied principally on a return to earlier values.
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He adopted a new format and a more traditional weekly style, with the front page displaying five cover lines above the leader. Most significantly, he recognised the need "to bring together a number of talented writers and, with the minimal of editorial interference, let them write". Taki's column, frequently criticised for its content by the press,  remains in the paper. William Rees-Mogg congratulated the paper in a Times ' s leading article, praising it in particular for its important part in "the movement away from collectivism".
Chancellor was replaced by the year-old Charles Moore in February after the magazine's then owner, Algy Cluff , had become concerned that The Spectator was "lacking in political weight" and considered Chancellor to be "commercially irresponsible". Moore had been a leader writer at The Daily Telegraph before Chancellor recruited him to The Spectator as political commentator.
The paper under Moore became more political than it had been under Chancellor. The new editor adopted an approach that was, in general, pro- Margaret Thatcher , while showing no restraint in opposing her on certain issues. The paper called the Anglo-Irish Agreement "a fraudulent prospectus" in , came out against the Single European Act , and, in , criticised the handover of Hong Kong to China.
Moore wrote that, if Britain failed to allow the city's UK passport holders right of abode in Britain, "we shall have to confess that, for the first time in our history, we have forced Britons to be slaves.
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He also introduced several new contributors, including a restaurant column by Nigella Lawson the former editor's daughter , and a humorous column by Craig Brown. When Taki was briefly imprisoned for cocaine possession Moore refused to accept his resignation, explaining publicly: "We expect our High Life columnist to be high some of the time. Cluff had reached the conclusion that the paper "would be best secured in the hands of a publishing group", and sold it to an Australian company, John Fairfax Ltd , who promptly paid off the overdraft. With the support of its new proprietor, the paper was able to widen its readership through subscription drives and advertising, reaching a circulation of 30, in , exceeding the circulation of the New Statesman for the first time.
The magazine was again sold in , after an uncertain period during which several candidates, including Rupert Murdoch , attempted to buy the magazine. Moore wrote to Murdoch, saying: "Most of our contributors and many of our readers would be horrified at the idea of your buying The Spectator. Moore gave up the editorship in to become deputy editor of The Daily Telegraph , to be replaced by his own deputy editor, Dominic Lawson —the former editor's son.
Shortly after becoming editor, Lawson became responsible for the resignation of a cabinet minister when he interviewed the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry , Nicholas Ridley. During the interview Ridley described the proposed Economic and Monetary Union as "a German racket designed to take over the whole of Europe",  and seemed to draw comparisons between the German Chancellor, Helmut Kohl and Adolf Hitler. The interview appeared in the issue of 14 July , whose cover showed a cartoon by Nicholas Garland , of Ridley painting onto a poster of Kohl a crude comb-over and a Hitler moustache.
Ridley resigned from Thatcher's government immediately.
openaxel.com/japons-hojas-de-otoo-y.php The Spectator caused controversy in when it printed an article entitled "Kings of the Deal" on a claimed Jewish influence in Hollywood, written by William Cash , who at the time was based in Los Angeles and working mainly for The Daily Telegraph. The Telegraph had considered the article too risky to publish, but Lawson thought Cash's idea was as old as Hollywood itself and that his Lawson's being Jewish would mitigate adverse reactions to publication.
There was, however, considerable controversy. Although owner Conrad Black did not personally rebuke Lawson, Max Hastings , then editor of The Daily Telegraph , wrote with regard to Black, who also owned The Jerusalem Post at the time, "It was one of the few moments in my time with Conrad when I saw him look seriously rattled: 'You don't understand, Max.
My entire interests in the United States and internationally could be seriously damaged by this'. The article was defended by some conservatives. John Derbyshire , who says he has "complicated and sometimes self-contradictory feelings about Jews", wrote on National Review Online regarding what he saw as the Jewish overreaction to the article that "It was a display of arrogance, cruelty, ignorance, stupidity, and sheer bad manners by rich and powerful people towards a harmless, helpless young writer, and the Jews who whipped up this preposterous storm should all be thoroughly ashamed of themselves".
Lawson left in to become editor of The Sunday Telegraph , and was replaced by a deputy editor of the same newspaper, Frank Johnson. After the election , Johnson averted a decline in The Spectator 's sales by recruiting " New Labour contributors", and shifting the magazine's direction slightly away from politics. In the paper featured an interview with The Spice Girls , in which the band members gave their "Euro-sceptic and generally anti-labour" views on politics. Shortly before her death Diana, Princess of Wales , was depicted on the magazine's cover as the figurehead of Mohamed Al-Fayed 's boat, the Jonikal.